August 30, 2016—This is the first in an education series about how the District of Columbia could become a national model for improving low-achieving schools under a new law, the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA).
August 29, 2016—In its September issue, the Washington Lawyer examines the intersection of food and law. In it, Sean Morris of Morris Law Firm LLC cites the four relationships that restaurant business owners need to consider. Morris discusses those relationships further below.
August 23, 2016—Should religious nonprofits qualify for state-run programs? Join the D.C. Bar CLE Program on September 1 for the next installment of its "U.S. Supreme Court in Focus" series, discussing the case Trinity Lutheran Church of Columbia, Inc. v. Pauley. The course is offered in person and by Webinar.
August 22, 2016—Are you interested in honing your leadership skills? Do you want to get more involved with the D.C. Bar, but don't know where to start? It's time to apply for the 2017 John Payton Leadership Academy. Applications are due December 2.
August 19, 2016—The Superior Court of the District of Columbia is seeking comments on the performance of Magistrate Judge Adrienne Noti, who has completed two years of service on the court.
August 18, 2016—David Cole, ACLU's new legal director beginning in January, sat down with the D.C. Bar to talk about the biggest challenges he sees facing the ACLU.
August 17, 2016—Japan is thrown into legal turmoil as Japanese Emperor Akihito, citing his age and failing health, indicated his wish to step down from his throne.
August 9, 2016—For three Saturdays in September, persons who are wanted in the District of Columbia for non-violent felonies or misdemeanors will have an opportunity to surrender voluntarily at the H. Carl Moultrie Courthouse through the DC Safe Surrender program.
August 5, 2016—Starting, managing, and growing a small law firm in the District of Columbia is a challenging task, but why go it alone? If you're interested in starting, growing and managing a law firm, the D.C. Bar's award-winning "Successful Small Firm Practice" course is specifically designed for you.
August 5, 2016—The American Bar Association (ABA) has named the District of Columbia Bar as the 2016 recipient of its Harrison Tweed Award for the long-term excellence demonstrated by the D.C. Bar Pro Bono Center in its efforts to increase access to justice.
August 4, 2016—The District of Columbia Judicial Nomination Commission has submitted to President Obama the names of nine attorneys for his consideration to fill three vacancies on the D.C. Superior Court created by the retirements of Judges Stuart G. Nash, Rhonda Reid Winston, and Melvin R. Wright.
August 3, 2016—On August 3 the District of Columbia Judicial Nomination Commission announced the forthcoming retirement of D.C. Superior Court Chief Judge Lee F. Satterfield, who has led the court for two terms beginning in 2008. Satterfield is expected to retire on January 3, 2017.
August 3, 2016—Clients trust you with their legal cases and their money, but can they trust you with their personal data?
August 3, 2016—Starting August 8, the D.C. Court of Appeals will begin accepting documents through its new eFiling system for all existing cases. Early next year the court will mandate electronic filing for all but self-represented parties.
August 2, 2016—D.C. Bar members made their way to Chevy Chase, MD, for the 5th stop of the D.C. BARometer tour.
August 1, 2016—D.C. BARometer headed to Chicago to listen to D.C. Bar members and hear about what they need to boost their careers.
August 1, 2016—Fastcase legal research service has selected Katherine A. Mazzaferri, chief executive officer of the D.C. Bar, and Wallace E. "Gene" Shipp Jr., disciplinary counsel for the District of Columbia, as recipients of its Fastcase 50 Award.
July 29, 2016—Want to be the first to know about the District of Columbia Practice Manual, 2016 Edition? Contact us today to be notified of the pricing and release date when it becomes available for this must-have resource for every D.C. practitioner.
July 26, 2016—The heat is scorching, the air is thick, and sweat is pouring as most of the country deals with record-high temperatures. In extreme weather conditions, where the elderly, homeless, and low-income clients are the most vulnerable, do you have an ethical duty to ensure their safety?
July 25, 2016—Learn about some Pokémon dos and don’ts to help you best protect your secure information.
July 22, 2016—On July 20 the District of Columbia Court of Appeals issued Administrative Order 2-16 informing interested parties that it intends to adopt a generally mandatory electronic filing and service system to substantially reduce paperwork.
July 21, 2016—The D.C. Superior Court's Committee on the Selection and Tenure of Magistrate Judges is inviting comments on the candidacy of Magistrate Judge Rainey R. Brandt, who is seeking reappointment to the court.
July 20, 2016—Is lifting portions of another's political speech an easy mistake to make? Or does it portent terrible things about one's character and motivations?
July 20, 2016—The results are in from the Sections Member Feedback Survey. Last fall the D.C. Bar surveyed Sections members to identify how the Bar can better respond to member needs and offer more value to its membership. Read the findings:
July 19, 2016—On Saturday July 9 volunteer attorneys participated at the Pro Bono Center's Advice and Referral Clinics and assisted 84 clients in Shaw and another 44 in Anacostia.
July 18, 2016—Now that the U.S. Supreme Court has completed its 2015–2016 term, politics has come to dominate the news from our least political branch.
July 14, 2016—The D.C. Bar Board of Governors is seeking candidates for appointment in the fall to the following standing committees: Continuing Legal Education, Election Board, Lawyer Assistance, Leadership Development, Practice Management Service, Regulations/Rules/Board Procedures, Rules of Professional Conduct Review, and Technology.
July 13, 2016—The practice of requiring bail has come under criticism recently as an unfair system that disproportionally affects low-income defendants.
July 7, 2016—The D.C. Council is set to vote on July 12 on the Motor Vehicle Collision Recovery Act.
July 5, 2016—The D.C. Bar Foundation will award $900,000 to 22 organizations that provide direct civil legal assistance to underserved and low-income D.C. residents.
July 5, 2016—The District of Columbia Court of Appeals is considering amending Rule IX and Rule XV, Section 2 of the Rules Governing the District of Columbia Bar.
June 29, 2016—The District of Columbia Judicial Nomination Commission (JNC) has notified members of the bench, bar, and public of 19 applicants for the vacancy on the Superior Court of the District of Columbia, created by the upcoming retirement of Judge Stuart G. Nash.
June 28, 2016—The D.C. Bar recently spoke with Georgetown University Law Center global health law professor Lawrence O. Gostin about the government response to Zika and the legal issues that arise when dealing with public health crises.
June 28, 2016—Keep up with the latest news and progress as we work to build our new home at 901 4th Street NW.
June 27, 2016—On June 22 the D.C. BARometer tour stepped out of the District boundaries and headed over the Potomac River to Arlington, Virginia. The event brought out great discussions among members and the our leadership on the role of the Bar.
June 27, 2016—As EU leaders assess the geopolitical implications of the so-called "Brexit," they also enter uncharted legal territory. Three short-term legal consequences loom the largest as the Brexit's fallout takes shape.
June 25, 2016—The D.C. Bar Board of Governors has approved a series of recommendations to better address the needs of its members, expand opportunities for members to network here and abroad, and increase professional development offerings around the practice of international law. The Board also approved a recommendation to conduct ongoing study of developments in the areas of alternative business structures (ABS) and multi-disciplinary practice (MDP).
June 24, 2016—On June 15, at its annual Celebration of Leadership at the Mayflower Hotel, the D.C. Bar honored the past year's accomplishments of people and organizations that have made a significant impact on the legal profession and the community at large.
June 23, 2016—By most definitions of success, Michael* hit the marks. A law firm partner who had gone to an Ivy League law school, a father of four who taught Sunday school at his church, a successful litigator with big-name clients—the lawyer, today 54, looked in many ways like a walking example of the American dream. There was just one problem. Michael was an active alcoholic.
June 21, 2016—Since 1974 Bread for the City has been providing services for low-income residents in the District of Columbia in five core areas—food, clothing, medical care, legal help, and social services. In recent years, as the District's economic landscape has undergone a dramatic transformation, leaders at Bread for the City have identified a need for a sixth core program focused on advocacy.
June 21, 2016—On June 15 the D.C. Bar Strategic Planning Committee received the Frederick B. Abramson Award at the Bar's annual Celebration of Leadership.
June 20, 2016—Monika Kalra Varma, executive director of the D.C. Bar Pro Bono Center, recently received the South Asian Bar Association's 2016 Public Interest Achievement Award for her work on human rights and social justice issues.
June 17, 2016—The District of Columbia Judicial Nomination Commission has designated Judge Robert E. Morin to serve as Chief Judge of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia. Judge Morin will assume the office on October 1, 2016.
June 16, 2016—Winning the Bar Project of the Year Award is the District of Columbia Estates, Trusts and Probate Law Digest, a digital version of the long-running digest, which records the opinions and orders of cases in the Probate Division of the D.C. Superior Court.
June 15, 2016—The D.C. Bar will recognize Goss' two-plus decades of pro bono work with the Laura N. Rinaldi Pro Bono Lawyer of the Year Award on June 15 at the Celebration of Leadership: The D.C. Bar Awards Dinner and Annual Meeting.
June 14, 2016—Wallace E. “Gene” Shipp Jr., disciplinary counsel for the District of Columbia, is the 2016 recipient of the Michael Franck Professional Responsibility Award.
June 14, 2016—For the past decade Jeffrey M. Sherman, a solo practitioner specializing in creditors' rights and bankruptcy issues, has put his legal expertise to pro bono use by participating in the D.C. Bar Pro Bono Center's Bankruptcy Clinic.
June 13, 2016—From New York City to Miami. After a successful first stop in the Big Apple, the D.C. Bar traveled to Miami on June 9 for D.C. BARometer, a member connection forum and networking event aimed to gather insights from members outside D.C.
June 13, 2016—For the past 35 years, Community of Hope has been serving clients in the District of Columbia with health care and housing, significantly expanding its work in the last decade in part due to its deliberate effort to move its operations to Wards 7 and 8, the District's poorest neighborhoods.
June 11, 2016—The D.C. Bar Pro Bono Center is leading an effort to explore how gentrification in the District of Columbia is affecting nonprofit organizations serving the city's neighborhoods.
June 10, 2016—On June 15 the D.C. Bar Litigation Section will be presented this year's Section of the Year award at the Celebration of Leadership for its impressive work serving the diverse needs of its more than 3,000 members.
June 10, 2016—On June 8 the D.C. Bar headed to New York City to connect with members beyond the beltway. New York City was the first of 10 stops for D.C. BARometer, a member connection forum and networking event aimed to gather insights from members outside of Washington, D.C.
June 9, 2016—The District of Columbia Bar has announced that longtime Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Katherine Mazzaferri has decided to retire, effective March 31, 2017.
June 8, 2016—On June 6 the D.C. Bar broke ground on its new home at 901 4th Street NW in the vibrant Mount Vernon Triangle neighborhood.
June 8, 2016—On June 15 the D.C. Bar Pro Bono Center Strategic Assessment Task Force will be honored as a co-recipient of this year's Frederick B. Abramson Award for its significant undertaking in 2015: conducting a comprehensive evaluation of the Pro Bono Center's programming and laying down the roadmap for its future initiatives.
June 7, 2016—It has come to our attention that there is a new phishing attack targeting various Bars around the country. The fraudulent email being distributed may have the following subject line: "The D.C. Bar Complaint." Please be aware that other Bars have experienced an issue so please monitor emails closely.
June 6, 2016—The District of Columbia Bar is celebrating the groundbreaking of its new headquarters at 901 4th St., NW, in the Mount Vernon Triangle neighborhood in front of local officials, dignitaries, and D.C. Bar leadership.
June 3, 2016—Get a preview of the the D.C. Bar Sections Office's program "So You Want to Go In-House" on June 21 with five key strategies for a successful interview.
June 2, 2016—Launching and operating a successful practice isn’t easy, but the D.C. Bar’s award-winning “Basic Training & Beyond” gives attorneys hands-on coaching to gain the necessary skills. The next available dates are June 15 and 22.
June 2, 2016—Patrick McGlone, senior vice president, general counsel, and chief compliance officer at Ullico Inc., has been elected president-elect of the D.C. Bar for the 2016–2017 term.
June 2, 2016—The Judicial Conference of the District of Columbia Circuit is seeking candidates to fill at least three vacancies on its Standing Committee on Pro Bono Legal Services for a three-year term that begins on July 1, 2016.
June 1, 2016—Members of the Board of Directors for the Beirut Bar Association visited the D.C. Bar headquarters on May 20 to exchange ideas from strategic planning to member outreach.
May 31, 2016—At the D.C. Bar's Celebration of Leadership on June 15, DLA Piper LLP's award may read "Pro Bono Law Firm of the Year," but the firm's honor represents many years of commitment to access to justice.
May 24, 2016—During World War II, Mortimer M. Caplin, founding partner of Caplin & Drysdale, served in the U.S. Navy and participated in the D-Day invasion of Europe. In recognition of Memorial Day, we reprint the account Caplin gave of that historic day.
May 17, 2016—With National Bike to Work Day gearing up on May 20, what do you need to know if you get into an accident?
May 16, 2016—The District of Columbia Judicial Nomination Commission is seeking comments on five candidates under consideration for chief judge of the D.C. Superior Court for a four-year term beginning October 1, 2016.
May 13, 2016—Get the highlights from Practice 360º, including advice from experts on everything from data security to creating an effortless customer experience.
May 10, 2016—Lawyers want to start getting smart about data encryption? Sensei Enterprises, a digital forensics company, gives you a quick start action plan.
May 9, 2016—You're about to hang out your shingle, but are you ready to run and sustain your practice? Whether you are recently barred or have considerable experience under your belt, one thing is clear: excellent billing practices are key to attracting (and keeping) clients and getting paid.
May 4, 2016—With less reliable public transit rails, have you changed your commuting routine? Take our poll.
May 2, 2016—The D.C. Bar has announced the recipients of its 2016 annual awards, recognizing and celebrating the achievements of Bar sections, law firms, pro bono attorneys, and others in the legal community.
May 2, 2016—The D.C. Bar Continuing Legal Education Program, in partnership with SCOTUSblog, is offering the new six-part series "U.S. Supreme Court in Focus" from May to October.
April 28, 2016—Last week, we asked you to vote in our poll. Should marijuana be legalized? Here are the results.
April 27, 2016—Each year, on the fourth Thursday of April, we celebrate Take Our Daughters and Sons to Work Day, offering children a first-hand look at various workplaces and professions. Here are some tips on making this day successful both for you and your children.
April 20, 2016—As of 4/20, 24 states have legalized medical marijuana. Of those 24 states, Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, and Washington state, as well as the District of Columbia, have legalized the recreational use of marijuana. Should marijuana be legalized?
April 15, 2016—Michael Sohn, an attorney at Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP, discusses his time working with Judge Garlandat Arnold & Porter LLP. The two also have personal ties—Judge Garland officiated Sohn's wedding.
March 31, 2016—James Sandman, president of the Legal Services Corporation and former president of the D.C. Bar, speaks of his experiences working alongside Garland. Both practiced at Arnold & Porter LLP, and Sandman currently chairs the D.C. Circuit Judicial Conference Committee on Pro Bono Legal Services.
March 30, 2016—On whether Garland should serve on the Supreme Court, Jamie Gorelick, past president of the D.C. Bar and a former colleague of Garland at the U.S. Department of Justice's Office of the Deputy Attorney General, is direct: "This should be an easy one."
March 29, 2016—Pursuant to an order of the District of Columbia Court of Appeals, Rules II, III, and XV of the D.C. Court of Appeals Rules Governing the Bar have been amended effective January 31.
March 28, 2016—Check out the top five Youth Law Fair moments.
March 17, 2016—Avis E. Buchanan, director of the Public Defender Service (PDS) for the District of Columbia, has been honored with the D.C. Bar's 2016 Thurgood Marshall Award for her exceptional commitment to pursuing equal justice for all Americans.
March 17, 2016—The D.C. Bar has named Mary E. McLeod as the 2016 recipient of its Beatrice Rosenberg Award for Excellence in Government Service for her commitment to public service throughout her nearly 40-year career at the U.S. Department of State.
March 16, 2016—Get a quick rundown of some interesting facts about our potential new Supreme Court justice Merrick Garland.
March 9, 2016—On March 4 The George Washington (GW) University Law School students John Lockwood and Sophia Park bested a team from Georgetown University Law Center to win the 2016 D.C. Cup Moot Court Competition.
March 7, 2016—The D.C. Bar Nominations Committee has selected Guy Collier, a partner at McDermott Will & Emery LLP, and Patrick McGlone, senior vice president, general counsel, and chief compliance officer at Ullico Inc., as candidates for D.C. Bar president-elect for the 2016–2017 term. The president-elect serves for one year before becoming president and continues in office a third year as immediate past president.
March 4, 2016—On February 9 the District of Columbia Court of Appeals amended Rule XII of the D.C. Court of Appeals Rules Governing the Bar to eliminate delays faced by some claimants in getting reimbursement from the Clients' Security Trust Fund for a loss resulting from dishonest conduct by a member of the D.C. Bar. The amendments take effect March 11.
February 26, 2016—Starting on April 7, the D.C. Bar will offer a six-session series to help participants develop and sharpen their emotional intelligence skill set and become better lawyers.
February 14, 2016—D.C. Bar members offer their reactions on the passing of Justice Antonin Scalia at the age of 79.
February 9, 2016—The D.C. Court of Appeals has adopted an amendment to Rule XI of the Court of Appeals Rules Governing the Bar, as proposed by the Bar’s Board of Governors. The amendment takes effect March 1.
February 4, 2016—The District of Columbia Court of Appeals has adopted proposed amendments, with two exceptions, to D.C. Court of Appeals Rule 46, which governs admission to the D.C. Bar. The proposed amendments take effect March 1.
January 31, 2016—Effective January 31, the Rules Governing the District of Columbia Bar have been amended throughout to make them gender neutral.
January 5, 2016—The D.C. Bar's partnership with Fastcase continues to get even better. Bar members now have exclusive access to substantive, practical content not available to other bar associations' Fastcase programs
December 22, 2015—On December 22 the District of Columbia Court of Appeals approved a new dues ceiling, or maximum authorized dues rate level, for the D.C. Bar as recommended by the Bar’s Board of Governors.
December 18, 2015—The District of Columbia Court of Appeals adopted proposed amendments by the D.C. Bar Board of Governors to change the title of Bar Counsel to Disciplinary Counsel. The title change is effective December 19.
November 4, 2015—The District of Columbia Court of Appeals is seeking comments on the proposed deletion of Section 19(f) of Rule XI of the D.C. Court of Appeals Rules Governing the Bar.
October 29, 2015—The District of Columbia Court of Appeals is calling for public comments on proposed amendments to D.C. Court of Appeals Rule 46, which governs admission to the District of Columbia Bar.
October 20, 2015—The District of Columbia Court of Appeals is calling for written comments regarding a proposal submitted by the D.C. Bar Board of Governors to amend Rules II, III, and XV of the D.C. Court of Appeals Rules Governing the Bar.
October 16, 2015—The District of Columbia Court of Appeals has amended the D.C. Rules of Professional Conduct to include revisions to Rules 1.10 and 7.1 and the comments to those rules, and the addition of a new comment to Rule 1.15. The amended Rules are effective immediately.
October 7, 2015—On September 12 the D.C. Bar Pro Bono Center held its Advice and Referral Clinic at Bread for the City's Northwest and Southeast locations, serving 105 clients.
September 28, 2015—If you're seeking a chance to meet legal professionals in a setting that's a little less chaotic and offers a lot more depth, check out the D.C. Bar's new Lunch With a Lawyer program.
September 24, 2015—The D.C. Bar is now accepting orders for its newly released District of Columbia Practice Manual, 2015 Edition, a two-volume, softcover guide covering the basics of law in the District of Columbia, available at the new price of $270.
September 24, 2015—The District of Columbia Court of Appeals Committee on Unauthorized Practice of Law is calling for comments and proposals about changes to D.C. Court of Appeals Rule 49, which governs the unauthorized practice of law in the District.
September 21, 2015—More than 100 D.C. Bar members came together on September 10 to connect and network at the Sections Connect Reception.
August 31, 2015—The D.C. Bar has expanded its partnership with Fastcase, offering Bar members even better legal research access as a member benefit. From being able to access only D.C. law library in the past, active and judicial Bar members will now have full nationwide subscription to Fastcase.
August 10, 2015—On August 5 the Superior Court of the District of Columbia issued Rule Promulgation Order 15-02 amending Superior Court Rules of Civil Procedure 16, 26, 33, 34, 36, 37, and 45.
August 1, 2015—To help provide healthy coping strategies, the D.C. Bar Lawyer Assistance Program has created a new mental health support group for Bar members who would benefit from a safe and confidential environment to share their experiences.
July 15, 2015—In 2014 the 61 law firms in the District of Columbia that participated in the D.C. Bar Pro Bono Initiative contributed a total of 803,520 pro bono hours among 9,676 full-time equivalent attorneys, with each attorney contributing an average of 83 hours.
June 26, 2015—On June 22 the District of Columbia Court of Appeals announced that individuals taking the July 2015 Bar Examination will be allowed to use laptop computers during the essay portion of the test.
June 22, 2015—The American Bar Association Standing Committee on Professionalism has recognized the D.C. Bar Practice Management Advisory Service with the E. Smythe Gambrell Professionalism Award for its “Successful Small Firm Practice Course.”
June 18, 2015—As a result of an in-depth strategic planning effort, the D.C. Bar has announced a new name for its highly expansive pro bono activities: the D.C. Bar Pro Bono Center. The new name, which was approved on June 9 and announced during the Bar’s yearend celebration on June 16, was selected to more fully capture the breadth and depth of the Center’s impact.
June 16, 2015—On June 10 the D.C. Court of Appeals vacated Administrative Order 2-15, which required counsel to provide an e-mail address and cell phone number in all pleadings.
June 11, 2015—On June 9 the D.C. Bar Board of Governors approved a set of priorities and objectives proposed by the Strategic Planning Committee charged with developing D.C. Bar 2020, the organization’s new strategic plan for the next five years.
June 8, 2015—For many nonprofit organizations, intellectual property assets—logos, Web sites, event names, and publications—are key to a group’s ability to build its reputation, attract public support, and raise awareness of its goals and achievements.
June 3, 2015—The Superior Court of the District of Columbia has appointed James D. McGinley, an experienced litigator and career military officer, as clerk of the Superior Court.
May 29, 2015—Annamaria Steward, associate dean of students at the University of the District of Columbia (UDC) David A. Clarke School of Law, has been elected president-elect of the D.C. Bar for the 2015–16 term.
May 28, 2015—The District of Columbia Court of Appeals has issued an order requiring counsel to provide an e-mail address and cell phone number in all pleadings.
May 6, 2015—On May 1 the District of Columbia Court of Appeals released an order, effective immediately, amending Rule 46 (b)(8)(v), which addresses the procedures for administering the bar exam.
April 15, 2015—On April 14 the D.C. Bar Board of Governors approved the Bar’s proposed 2015–2016 budget as recommended by the Budget Committee.
April 1, 2015—On March 3 the Superior Court of the District of Columbia issued Rule Promulgation Order 15-01 amending Rule 52 of the Superior Court Rules Governing Domestic Relations Proceedings.
March 4, 2015—In February the D.C. Bar Legal Ethics Committee published Opinion 368, "Lawyer Employment Agreements—Restrictions on Departing Lawyer Who Competes With Former Firm."
February 23, 2015—The Superior Court of the District of Columbia has issued an administrative order mandating the eFiling of complaints in certain types of cases within the Civil Division starting on May 4.
November 25, 2014—Now you can really shop with a smile. AmazonSmile has named the D.C. Bar Pro Bono Program as an affiliate just in time for the holidays.
October 24, 2014—On October 22 the District of Columbia Court of Appeals issued an order amending the Rules of the District of Columbia Court of Appeals (D.C. App. Rule 46 (b)(8)(i)(A)).
October 8, 2014—On October 2 the District of Columbia Court of Appeals released an order amending the Rules of the District of Columbia Court of Appeals (D.C. App. R. 48) concerning the limited practice of law by law students, and Rule XI, Section 1 (a), of the Rules Governing the D.C. Bar, which defines the disciplinary jurisdiction of the court.
July 24, 2014—On July 16 the District of Columbia Court of Appeals issued an order amending the Rules of the District of Columbia Court of Appeals (D.C. App. Rule 49).
July 1, 2014—On June 16 the Superior Court of the District of Columbia issued an administrative order allowing temporary, limited-scope representation throughout the court.
February 24, 2014—The Board of Judges of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia approved a resolution to delete Superior Court Rule of Criminal Procedure 120 (SCR-Criminal 120), which outlines the process for mental examinations of defendants.
February 3, 2014—From 8 a.m. to 5:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, the Family Court Self-Help Center at the D.C. Superior Court is bustling with customers. Most are sitting down to talk with a staff or attorney volunteer at the center as the volunteer drafts their pleading; other unrepresented litigants are tapping away at the free computers available at the center.